The capacity to observe Earth in its full verticality (from deep-sea to space) enables the understanding of its subsystems (oceans, land, air, and space) including complex dynamics.

In this research area, the focus is on investigating Earth’s subsystems, namely its oceans, land masses, atmosphere, and near-space environment, with particular emphasis on measurements, developing technologies and capabilities, and addressing Earth’s critical subsystems from oceans to space through technological innovation, big data, autonomy, and comprehensive systems analysis.

Related topic areas include the development of ocean monitoring and measurement, ocean research vessel field deployments to demonstrate novel autonomy and human-machine concept of operations (ConOps) to small-satellite technology and launch capabilities, all to enable advances in ocean and earth science measurements, technology advances, and autonomous operations for exploration and science.

Outer space