Climate change and global warming are urgent areas of interest to humanity.
Climate data, measurements and instrumentation focused on the oceans, atmosphere, climate, and near-space enables the monitoring of Earth systems dynamics.
Such data allows the understanding of how climate has changed over time, enables the development of complex climate models and provides the possibility to estimate in advance the impact of different climate control policies and strategies.
With special focus on climate science and climate change, scientific area #1 targets the study, measurement and modeling of the complex interactive system dynamics of climate, weather, atmosphere, ocean, land, and near-space. Integrative models and methods of studying and analyzing enormous volumes of data should be implemented.