The Future of Automotive Industry International Roundtable

Challenges and Opportunities in Design and Technology: a look into the next decade by MIT Portugal

The increasing growth of the automotive industry demands the development of groundbreaking solutions, innovative technologies and disruptive products, services and business models. New industrial players must constantly invest in R&D and look one step forward into the future, which was in fact the main objective of the International Industry Roundtable (IIR) promoted by the MIT Portugal Program, which took place on Monday, May 15th, at the RÓMULO - Centro Ciência Viva from the University of Coimbra.

The auto industry has some of the largest industrial R&D investors in the world. Typically, the annual investment in R&D surpasses 30 billion in Europe only. The automotive industry is also one of the most important industries in Portugal, being a top contributor for value creation and generation of jobs. It represents around 8% of the country’s GDP, 11% of the country exports and more than 30.000 direct jobs.

This Roundtable brought together more than 80 industry leaders, entrepreneurs, expert researchers and graduate students in a look ahead to the next 5-10 years of the industry. The Session allowed participants to discuss common objectives, share new technologies and ideas, and promoted networking and potential collaborations between participants from academia and industry.

The initiative counted on the participation of speakers from emerging companies based in Portugal such as the Fraunhofer Institute, Magnum Cap, AFIA, Brisa, Ceiia, TU Delft, Bosch, Caetano Bus, Uber, BMWi and Ubiwhere, and representatives of MIT Portugal, University of Coimbra, University of Minho, and University of Lisbon.

The International Industry Roundtables (IIR) are an ongoing initiative of the MIT Portugal Program in collaboration with multiple academic and business entities and this is the second edition dedicated to Cities, Energy and Transportation. The IIR aim is to use the neutral grounds of academia to bring together entrepreneurs, company executives, policy makers, scientists, engineers and graduate students around topics where cutting-edge technology is put at the service of sustainable economic and social development. The focus is to bridge views and find common objectives between industry and academia, as well as within industry and within academia. 

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Innovative proposal in the wind energy sector won the Portuguese Association of Renewable Energies (APREN) Award

Renewable energy was responsible for producing this year around 59% of the total amount of electricity in Portugal and it is expected that 1/3 comes from wind energy sources, according to data disclosed by APREN. It becomes more and more crucial to support alternative solutions to produce energy, a topic that was highlighted on the 2016 Portuguese Association of Renewable Energies Award which has honoured Bernardo Marques Amaral Silva, a INESCTEC researcher and a MIT Portugal Program Sustainable Energy Systems Phd doctorate at the Faculty of Engineering of the University of Porto with the first prize for his thesis “Multi-terminal HVDC Grids: Control Strategies for Ancillary Services Provision in Interconnected Transmission Systems with Offshore Wind Farms, a pioneering approach to take the best profit of Wind farms (WF).

Wind Energy (WE) has largely contributed to the de-carbonisation of the energy sector and consequently to the definition of the European Commission (EC) targets on renewable-based electricity generation. During the last decade, massive investment has culminated in the substantial installation of Wind Farms (WF). Moreover, the ambitious plans for increasing these targets on renewable-based electricity generation demand the deployment of more WF. However, the European Union has settled the goal for the level of greenhouse gas reduction by 40% (by comparison with 1990 levels) until 2030 and the share of renewable energy to 27% in terms of energy consumption.

Simultaneously, the Fukushima incident has put pressure on European governments regarding the use of nuclear power plants which, although not considered as renewable, have reduced emission of greenhouse gases (compared to conventional power plants based on fossil fuels).

In order to meet the new goals, it is expected a significant contribution from offshore wind farms (at sea). From a technical point of view, the adoption of High Voltage Direct Current (HVDC) is crucial to allow the installation of high power PE and to manage high connexion distances from the mainland. Recent procedures intend to adopt direct current networks rather than connections “point-to-point” since they may also support the connection between mainland AC networks, allowing a greater integration of renewable sources and enabling the development of a European electricity market.

The work developed by Bernardo Marques Amaral Silva has focused on the development of strategies to control and operate HVDC networks with offshore wind farms, to allow the delivery of support services to the mainland electrical systems, in an autonomous environment without communication system.

In a first phase, a control scheme for allowing offshore WF as well as the interconnected AC mainland grids on participating on primary frequency control has been developed. This control scheme also took into account the need of provision of synthetic inertia by offshore WF. The results showed a successful accomplishment on mitigating an interconnected mainland grid frequency disturbance.

In a second phase, DC grids control schemes were developed and tested aiming at the operation of the DC grid during an AC mainland fault event (Fault Ride-Through  - FRT capability) and also to assure the operation of the DC grid following a permanent fault events or the disconnection of an onshore converter.

According to the former MIT Portugal Program student, the major outcome of this project consists on allowing the management of more wind energy production and consequently increasing energy coming from renewable sources. The idea has already been tested in laboratory and its feasibility has been verified so, in a near future, the goal is to test it in an existing wind farm.

The main objective of the second edition of the APREN Award was to support the best and most relevant academic Thesis held in Portuguese higher education institutions (related to renewable electricity) and to contribute to the disclosure and knowledge transfer between Research Centers and companies.

Premio APREN GeralBernardo Marques Amaral Silva honored by APREN

pdfPortuguese PR(485 KB)

MIT Portugal PhD student wins the Road Safety Innovation Award by ACP with an alternative solution to road humps

Francisco Duarte, a PhD Student in Transportation Systems of the MIT Portugal Program at University of Coimbra, was honored today with the first prize at the initiative promoted by Automóvel Clube Portugal in a partnership with BP Portugal, National Council of Rectors and National Innovation Agency. The 10 000€ prize will later be invested in the venture’s prototype and is currently under construction. It is expected that the laboratory tests will take place early next year and that the project pilot will be implemented in the second half of 2017. The project entitled VENEX presents a speed reduction system that induces the deceleration of vehicles without causing damage, noise or any discomfort to the passengers.

The VENEX - Vehicle Energy Efficient Extractor – equipment acts as in a similar fashion to a carpet that when placed on the floor actively reduces the speed of the vehicles by extracting kinetic energy, with a minimal impact on the automobile. Contrary to existing systems, this one absorbs the vehicles’ energy and makes it slow down safely, without any action of the driver and even without being perceptible since it causes no discomfort. By acting directly on the vehicles, this solution can be effective in different places such as crossings, intersections, roundabouts, residential areas, schools and hospital areas, among others where it is crucial to control the speed limits. Drivers who move within the legal velocity limits will not be penalized, and the energy will just be withdrawn according to the necessity of each place.

Currently, road safety is an issue of global importance, especially due to the number of traffic-related victims, which increases annually and has high social and economic costs. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), 1.24 million people lose their lives annually in road accidents, and the number of seriously injured exceeds 7.8 million. In a study carried out in Portugal in 2012, the economic costs related to traffic accidents goes up to 2.5 million euros, which represents about 1.54% of the country's GDP. A large number of accidents occur in urban areas, involving especially pedestrians. WHO has pointed out several measures to promote the decrease of the number of accidents, and being speed reduction the first and most important. Several solutions have been developed but the one that has the best results to date are still road humps, managing to decrease the number of pedestrian accidents by more than 40%.

In the media: ObservadorCorreio da ManhãAntena 1;  Jornal Económico , Notícias ao Minuto,  Destak onlineTechitt.

Entrega Prémios ACP Francisco DuarteFrancisco Duarte with Carlos Barbosa (ACP) and Luís Costa e Silva (BP)

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Guimarães awarded the B.Bus project as the most innovative

1st edition of the DesignDAY aimed to find creative solutions
in the urban mobility sector to implement in the Municipality of Guimarães

B. Bus won the first Guimarães Green Urban Challenge and introduced a new concept of buses for bike users. The contest took place on September 12th and signaled the DesignDAY 2016, an initiative promoted by the MIT Portugal Program, the University of Minho and the Municipality of Guimarães. B.Bus was awarded with a 1500€ prize and its implementation will now be assessed by the city of Guimarães.

The team B.Bus proposed a new method to transporte bikes inside buses which will allow residents of the surrounding villages of the Municipality of Guimarães to bring their bikes into the City area. The method presented may also be adapted to serve as a mobile bike rental station, an idea that earned the distinction of the jury consisting of members from the University of Minho and the Municipality of Guimarães.
The proposal was developed by a multidisciplinary team which included Flávia Barbosa, mechanical engineer and student of the MIT Portugal PhD program in Engineering Design and Advanced Manufacturing (EDAM) at the University of Minho, Pedro Baptista an undergraduate student in Product Design from the University of Minho and Raquel Figueiredo an MIT Portugal PhD program student in Sustainable Energy System at Faculdade de Ciências da Universidade de Lisboa.

The competition was attended by 30 participants from the entire country with different profiles, from Undergraduate to PhD students, with training in engineering, architecture or design. The challenge presented a unique format since the contestant didn´t need to submit an idea or project when registering. During the day they were able to plan and design their projects in a specific environment that helped them bringing into life new concepts and creative solutions.

In addition to the winning project, two others were awarded with honorable mentions: Cycloud an innovative bicycle lock system with an integrated reward platform, was submitted by Luis Galamba de Carvalho, Nina Costa e Rita Rodrigues, from the MIT EDAM Doctoral program at the University of Porto;

“Bicla do Rei” consists on an integrated mobility platform for the Guimarães region and was developed by Ahmad Alshaghel, Sophia Moraes e Diogo Cunha postgraduate students from the University of Minho in Materials Engineering, Ergonomy and Technology and Digital Art.

The DesignDAY is an initiative that aims to create a platform of emerging ideas that will be evaluated and possibly adopted by the Municipality of Guimarães to contribute to a more sustainable and efficient development. This first edition was dedicated to the urban mobility sector, regarding the City´s upcoming application process to the European Green Capital 2020. Urban mobility and the development of sustainable solutions in the transportation sector remain a huge challenge for modern cities. The continuous growth of population in Cities, the non-sustainable development of transportation systems and the increasing number of automobiles, are a serious environmental, social and economic issue.

For more information about the event please go to: https://designday.wordpress.com

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Equipa vencedora B.BusProjet B.Bus team awarded by members of MIT Portugal Program, the University of Minho and the Municipality of Guimarães

MIT Portugal Program has a new national director

Pedro Arezes,  Professor of Ergonomics and Human Factors in the Production and Systems Department of the School of Engineering of the University of Minho, was named  National Director of the MIT Portugal Program  at the organisation’s annual conference. Pedro Arezes succeeds at Paulo Ferrão and together with Bruce Tidor, Director of the Program at MIT, he aims to prepare a competitive proposal allowing the program to progress into a third phase in 2018. 

As MIT Portugal celebrates its 10th anniversary, Pedro Arezes cites a need to identify future new areas of research: “MIT Portugal has cultivated new ideas through a close interaction between academia and industry. At the moment we have 3 big projects underway and 30% of their funding comes from private Portuguese investment.  We aim to  continue to work together with universities and industry to identify areas of research likely to have a  strong socioeconomic impact in Portugal and abroad”.

Higher Education is also highlighted by Pedro Arezes: “The biggest advantages of our partnership are enjoyed by our students. We are proud to see MIT Portugal PhDs and Masters’ graduates working in companies and universities in and outside Portugal. We are training students with skills to be competitive professionals anywhere in the world, from the United States and Iceland to Singapore and New Zealand.

Pedro Arezes is a full Professor of Human Factors Engineering at the School of Engineering of the University of Minho and he is a Visiting Fellow at AgeLab’s MIT and Harvard University. He has been leading the MIT Portugal Program EDAM area at University of Minho since 2015. 

Pedro Arezes

In the media

PúblicoRTP Online Minho Online ; Diário DigitalDestakCorreio da Manhã ; Correio do Minho ; RUM - Rádio Universitária do Minho Online ; Porto Canal - Mentes que Brilham