The Sustainable Energy Systems focus area is currently developing the following projects:

Green Islands

The world is facing near-term challenges to meet growing energy needs under ever-increasing costs of energy supplies while maintaining energy security, economic growth, and environmental goals.  This situation is much more acute for remote islands. Remote islands offer a greater challenge, since connections to the mainland or other islands are not feasible, making local energy supply and demand dynamics more important. Therefore, a set of strategies tailored to each island and supported by government, business and the people is required. An effective energy strategy must not only take into account the current energy situation of each island, but how these may change through time, including the quantity and quality of local renewable energy supplies and the demand for energy as each island grows.

The Green Islands Project (GIP) aims to develop and implement such a strategy on remote Portuguese islands such as those of the archipelago of Açores. GIP is a multidisciplinary effort rising from the MIT Portugal Program and involving all relevant stakeholders both at regional and national level and in Industry. A consortium has been created to assure a wide participation and awareness of the opportunities provided by the project as well as adequate resources when it comes to latest data and state-of-the-art technologies.

Project Team - Álvaro Martins – ISEG, António Cunha – Uminho, António Gomes Martins – FCTUC, Carlos Santos Silva – IST, Christos Ioakimidis – IST, David Marks – MIT, Eduardo Oliveira Fernandes – FEUP, João Peças Lopes – FEUP, Joaquim Sampaio Cabral – IST, John Fernandez – MIT, José Viegas – IST, Leon Glicksman – MIT, Manuel Nunes da Ponte – FCTUNL, Maria do Rosário Partidário – IST, Paulo Ferrão – IST, Stephen Connors – MIT, Tiago Farias – IST, Victor Leal – FEUP; André Pina – IST, Kiti Suomaleinen – IST

Project Partners - IST-UTL; ISEG-UTL; FCTUNL; FEUP; MIT; AREAM, ARENA, Lisboa e-nova, Porto Energy Agency, EDP, GALP, REN, AGNI, MARTIFER;

Description: Develop energy models and implement energy strategies towards an energy sustainable isolated system

WorkPlan – Scoping scenarios; designing scenarios; implementing vision strategies; demonstration and pilot project.

Duration - October 2007 to September 2011

Deliverables - Report on an assessment of the Portuguese Energy end-uses and Energy efficiency in an EU context; A case study of a Sustainable Energy System

Sustainable Urban Energy Systems

During the past decades, the world has witnessed a strong increase in energy consumption by modern societies as a result of several concurrent factors including technological development and the increase in the minimum required comfort conditions by populations. It is now clear for all that we urgently need to shift towards a new and sustainable energy paradigm, to face our current challenges regarding security of supply and global warming. This new paradigm will be particularly relevant in urban areas, where the buildings sector alone already accounts for more than 40% of the total primary energy consumption in Europe.

Based in a new and sound knowledge case study of the Lisbon city, the SUES project aims at developing new and innovative business models to provide energy services at the urban level. It is our goal to develop new and detailed knowledge on how energy is consumed in a building, and what alternatives can we exploit to drastically increase the energy efficiency with an added value to local economies. Focusing on the integrated analysis of 4 characteristic types of buildings in the Lisbon built environment, as defined by LNEC, different architectural (passive) as well as technological and management (active) solutions will be tested to determine their techno-economical value, as well as their impact for the overall primary energy savings at a city level. Furthermore, the full potential of technological excellence will be exploited by analyzing in detail a specific building, which will be modelled and instrumented in order to enable the monitoring of human activity as an innovative feature in the formulation of new and advanced energy efficient predictive control strategies that correlate human behaviour with the energy use. In the end, all this knowledge will be used to identify, quantify and assess the full potential for new business models that may be offered under this new paradigm of delivering comfort conditions to the final consumer, rather than energy carriers as electricity and fuels.

Project Team - Steering Commitee (João Nuno Mendes – GALP; Jorge Borrego – GALP; Paulo Ferrão – IST/MPP; Leon Glicksman – MIT/MPP); Project Management (Sérgio Pinheiro – GALP; João Parente – IST/MPP; Nicolle Fernandes; Susana Madeira); Microgeneration (João Parente – IST/MPP; Gonçalo Cardoso – IST/MPP); Demand Side Management (Tiago Domingos – IST/MPP; Joana Abreu – IST/MPP; Ana Gonçalves – IST/MPP); Monitoring Technologies (Pedro Lima – IST/ISR; João Costeira – IST/ISR); Energy Efficiency (Luísa Caldas – IST/MPP; Nuno Clímaco – IST/MPP)

Project Partners - IST-UTL; MIT; GALP Energia; GALP Power; Siemens Portugal; LNEC

Description - Provide innovative methods and technologies in view of new energy services offerings at urban scale in order to radically improve energy efficiency in buildings.

Workplan - Preliminary studies; Acquisition of innovative knowledge and skills; Development; Prototype building; Tests and experiments on the prototype; Communication of results

Duration - June 2008 to June 2011

Deliverables - Report on the assessment of energy use in buildings; Manual on Energy Efficiency; Optimization tool for integrated energy production systems; Model for monitoring energy consumption; Online platform for monitoring and managing energy consumption; Identification of new business models within energy services; Project tool for new integrated building solutions; Pilot building prototype construction; Presentation of results in International Conferences; Expected international project proposals.