State of the Practice

The State of the Practice takes inventory of the existing body of knowledge concerning Land Use and Transport Interactions, with a focus on tracing the effects from policies to outcomes in the European and North American contexts. The scope of the inventory traverses strategic, tactical and operational levels and highlights contemporary analytical techniques as well as relevant strategies and tools for improving the LUT interaction (at strategic, tactic and operational levels). In addition, this phase examines the various synergies and conflicts that are common in observing LUT interactions.

This phase concluded in May 2008 with the completion of a working paper by Lisa Rayle of MIT entitled “ pdfTracing the Effects of Transportation and Land Use Policies: A Review of the Evidence.”


State of the Context | Portuguese Urban Typologies

The State of the Context | Urban Typologies seeks to assess and characterize Portuguese urban areas with respect to their physical characteristics.  The purpose is to deepen understanding of the Portuguese urban and metropolitan landscape, develop physical indicators for incorporation in the LUT models, identify potential areas for further analysis (via the models), and aid in the ultimate generalizability of the project results.

This phase was completed in early 2009.


State of the Context | Policy, Institutional, and Financial Frameworks

Here we seek to develop a deeper understanding of the existing political, institutional, and financial frameworks within which LUT planning, policy-development, and investments take place.  Our goal is to ultimately improve the relevant decision-making structures and processes to improve transportation and land use system performance in the country.  Due to its importance to the other TR SYS research projects, we are working to pursue this work in a cross-cutting fashion, including with SCUSSE and CityMotion and, possibly, HSR.

This phase is ongoing; an initial working paper was completed in Sept. 2008 by Joshua S. Nelson of MIT entitled, “ pdfThe Portuguese Surface Transportation Policy and Finance System: Current Status.”


The LUT Dynamics

We are developing various approaches to modeling the LUT interactions in order to better inform decision-making in Portuguese metropolitan areas.  The modeling approaches being developed/adapted include an agent-based model, a cellular automata model, and Urbansim, a state-of-the-art open source LUT modeling platform. We intend to ultimately compare the effectiveness of different modeling approaches for different contexts/problems, providing a form of “LUT modeling laboratory.”

This work is ongoing; an initial working paper was completed in January 2009 by Cristian Angelo Guevara of MIT entitled, “ pdfQualitative Analysis of UrbanSim as a Modeling Test-Bed for the SOTUR Project.”


Data Collection and Data Management Infrastructure

Adequate LUT modeling and analysis requires a rich set of data on mobility and location activities, transportation networks, land uses, etc. Some of these data are being developed in cooperation with other related TR SYS projects (SCUSSE, CityMotion); additional data are being collected from other relevant sources (government agencies, etc.).  In addition, we are developing a web-based data management and information-sharing platform (urbansim.mit.edu) to: assist in modelling collaboration, integrate and visualize data streams, identify issues of distributed geospatial information infrastructures, facilitate cross-project fertilization, and enhance stakeholder participation in the research.

This work is ongoing; an initial working paper was completed in November 2008 by Andres Sevtsuk of MIT entitled, " pdfExplorations into Urban Mobility Patterns Using Aggregate Mobile Network Data."


Evaluation

Here we focus on the development of appropriate integrated performance measures to ultimately improve decision-making in the LUT realm in Portugal.  The work will include an inventory of “best practice” in this area via literature review.  The goal is the provision of an evaluation framework which authorities and others can use to more effectively assess the “fit” of LUT interventions.  Ultimately, these evaluation techniques will be deployed with the integrated LUT models and scenario analyses to determine the most effective policy, investment and innovations to promote more sustainable metropolitan areas in Portugal.

This phase is ongoing, with an initial working paper expected by the end of May, 2009.


Dissemination and Knowledge Transfer

The final phase of the project involves effectively disseminating project outputs and facilitating knowledge transfer. This will include the development of a comprehensive Handbook evaluating analytical tools and interventions for the Portuguese urban landscape.

Working papers and other outputs will be made available as they are completed. The final Handbook / Toolkit is scheduled for completion in the summer of 2010.


Working Papers

Zegras, Christopher, Joshua Nelson and Rosário Macário. " pdfTowards the Fiscal Federalism? The Case of Public Transportation in Portuguese Metropolitan Areas." SOTUR Working Paper TSI-SOTUR-09-05, MIT-Portugal Program. September 2009.

Martinez, Luis Miguel & Viegas, Jose Manuel. " pdfActivities, Transportation Networks and Land Prices as Key Factors of Location Choices ." SOTUR Working Paper TSI-SOTUR-09-04, MIT-Portugal Program. July 2009.

Guevara, Cristian Angelo & Moshe Ben-Akiva. " pdfAddressing Endogeneity in Discrete Choice Models: Assessing Control-Function and Latent-Variable Methods." SOTUR Working Paper TSI-SOTUR-09-03, MIT-Portugal Program. June 2009.

Guevara, Cristian Angelo & Moshe Ben-Akiva. " pdfA Lagrange Multiplier Test for the Validity of Instruments in MNL Models." SOTUR Working Paper TSI-SOTUR-09-01, MIT-Portugal Program. January 2009.

Guevara, Cristian Angelo. “ pdfQualitative Analysis of UrbanSim as a Modeling Test-Bed for the SOTUR Project.” SOTUR Working Paper TSI-SOTUR-09-02, MIT-Portugal Program. January 2009.

Nelson, Joshua S. “ pdfThe Portuguese Surface Transportation Policy and Finance System: Current Status.” SOTUR Working Paper TSI-SOTUR-08-02, MIT-Portugal Program. September 2008.

Rayle, Lisa. “ pdfTracing the Effects of Transportation and Land Use Policies: A Review of the Evidence.” SOTUR Working Paper TSI-SOTUR-08-01, MIT-Portugal Program. May 2008.

Sevtsuk, Andres. " pdfExplorations into Urban Mobility Patterns Using Aggregate Mobile Network Data." SOTUR Working Paper TSI-SOTUR-08-03, MIT-Portugal Program. November 2008.


Other Outputs

pdfTelling the Future Together: The potential of collaborative scenario-building in the transformation of urban governance in Portugal, presentation, Lisa Rayle, April 2010.

pdfResidential Location Choice: Analytical Innovation and Application to Lisbon, presentation, C. Angelo Guevara, April 2010.

pdfSOTUR: Numerical Modeling for Strategic Robustness, presentation, Peter Goodings Swartz (EPFL), April 2010.

pdfAddressing Modeling Drawbacks in Residential Location Choice Models, poster, C. Angelo Guevara, MIT Portugal Program’s 1st Annual Conference, July 7, 2009.

pdfAlternative Strategy Development Frameworks for Surface Transportation Systems, poster, Travis Dunn, MIT Portugal Program’s 1st Annual Conference, July 7, 2009.

pdfBusiness Models in Urban Logistics, poster, Ana Galelo, MIT Portugal Program’s 1st Annual Conference, July 7, 2009.

pdfCellular Automata Modeling, presentation, Nuno Norte Pinto, António Pais Antunes, Josep Roca Cladera.

pdfInstitutional Design as a Performance Factor in Urban Mobility Systems, poster, Maria Spandou, MIT Portugal Program’s 1st Annual Conference, July 7, 2009.

pdfLocation Choices, Accessibility & City Form, poster, Andres Sevtsuk, MIT Portugal Program’s 1st Annual Conference, July 7, 2009.

pdfModelling the Vulnerability of Complex Transport Network Systems, poster, Gonçalo Miguel Caiado, MIT Portugal Program’s 1st Annual Conference, July 7, 2009.

pdfPlanning for Land Use and Trans. Alternatives: Activity-based Urban Modeling within SOTUR Project, poster, Weifeng Li, MIT Portugal Program’s 1st Annual Conference, July 7, 2009.

pdfThe Portuguese Planning System and the Planning Practice over the Last Twenty Years, presentation, Nuno Norte Pinto & António Pais Antunes.

pdfStrategic OpTions for Urban Revitalisation based on Innovative Transport Solutions (SOTUR), poster, MIT Portugal Program’s 1st Annual Conference, July 7, 2009.

pdfSOTUR - A Geo-referenced Database for Assisting LUT Research Projects, presentation, Nuno Norte Pinto, António Pais Antunes, Mark Santos and João Zeferino.

pdfSOTUR - Project Mid-Term Review February, 2009

pdfStrategic Options for Integrating Transportation Innovations and Urban Revitalization (SOTUR), presented by Christopher Zegras at the Transportation Systems Workshop September 2008 at MIT.

pdfTransportation Systems Research 2008 SOTUR


Handbook / Toolkit